HONOLULU (HawaiiNewsNow) - In a 74-page document, the U.S. Department of the Interior set a framework for a Native Hawaiian government's relationship with the U.S. Government if that's what Native Hawaiians want.
"I'm really glad that the Obama administration has moved forward with this proposed rule," U.S. Sen. Mazie Hirono said.
Supporters of federal recognition call the rule an open door that lets Native Hawaiians decide what form their government would take.
"This puts Native Hawaiians themselves at the table to negotiate with the Federal government to protect our rights, to provide education resources for our children, to provide health resources to take care of our kupuna," said Michelle Kauhane of the Council for Native Hawaiian Advancement>
But critics like Grassroot Institute of Hawaii's Kelii Akina say the rule is divisive.
"This move seems to treat all of us Hawaiians as one entity, to have one relationship with the federal government," he said. "That threatens the individual liberties of Hawaiians as individual citizens."
"Is the Department of the Interior willing to accept a government that will be independent of the United States?" Kingdom of Hawaii's Leon Siu said.
In a statement the Office of Hawaiian Affairs CEO Kamana'opono Crabbe said: "This proposed rule addresses an injustice by allowing Native Hawaiians to receive the benefits of a government-to-government relationship that has been denied them."
"It comes at an opportune time since we are in the formation of a government that among other things would have to deal with that relationship," Roll Commission Chairman John Waihee said.
But Akina argues the U.S. Constitution already puts all U.S. citizens on equal footing.
"Native Hawaiians need to speak up and indicate that they're not just part of one group to deal with the government, but we are individuals," he said.
Supporters of the DOI proposed rule believe it will finally make federal recognition a reality, similar to what's been established with Alaska Natives and Native Americans. The public has 90 days to comment on the proposed rule.
After the announcement, the following statements were released by Hawaii's congressional delegation:
The Native Hawaiian community has not had a formal government since the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii in 1893.
The Department of Interior rulemaking process began in July 2014 when the Department of the Interior announced an Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, followed by 25 public meetings. After taking into consideration feedback from thousands of interested parties, the Department of the Interior published Tuesday's Proposed Rule. This marks the beginning of a 90-day open comment period.
The proposal is available for review at www.doi.gov/ohr.