The FDA finalized a rule extending regulatory authority to cover all tobacco products, including vaporizers, vape pens, hookah pens, electronic cigarettes (E-Cigarettes), e-pipes, and all other electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS). According to the FDA, it now regulates the manufacture, import, packaging, labeling, advertising, promotion, sale, and distribution of ENDS. This includes components and parts of ENDS but excludes accessories. ENDS uses liquid containing nicotine, as well as varying compositions of flavorings propylene glycol, glycerin, and other ingredients. The liquid is heated into an aerosol that the user inhales.
According to the FDA beginning August 8, 2016 retailers must:
Check photo ID of everyone under age 27 who attempts to purchase any tobacco product, only sell tobacco products to customers age 18 or older, do NOT sell tobacco products in a vending machine or self-service display unless in an adult-only facility, and cannot give away free samples of newly-regulated tobacco products, including any of their components or parts.
Dr. Wills has done extensive research on e-cigarettes. He has been called upon for comment about ENDS by many national news outlets including USA Today and The New York Times. Dr. Wills' research interests are in etiology and prevention studies of tobacco and alcohol use, with a focus on early adolescence. This research involves the application of theoretical models that include individual vulnerability characteristics, social processes, and environmental variables, and their interactions, to the onset of smoking and drinking.